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General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-3751
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2012-2016); Quarterly (Since 2017)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJFCC
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Mohamed Othman
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Google Scholar, Engineering & Technology Digital Library, and Crossref, DOAJ, Electronic Journals LibraryEI (INSPEC, IET).
    • E-mail:  ijfcc@ejournal.net 
Editor-in-chief
Prof. Mohamed Othman
Department of Communication Technology and Network Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJFCC. The journal publishes good papers in the field of future computer and communication. Hopefully, IJFCC will become a recognized journal among the readers in the filed of future computer and communication.
IJFCC 2016 Vol.5(3): 142-147 ISSN: 2010-3751
doi: 10.18178/ijfcc.2016.5.3.461

Spectrum Occupancy Measurements and Analysis in the 2.4-2.7 GHz Band in Urban and Rural Environments

Adeseko A. Ayeni, Nasir Faruk, Olayiwola W. Bello, Olugbenga A. Sowande, Samuel O. Onidare, and Mujahid. Y. Muhammad
Abstract—Continuing proliferation of wireless devices exposes humanity to the reality of the twin challenge posed by finite frequency spectrum and almost infinite demand for the same frequency spectrum, necessitating the need for more ingenious spectrum management techniques. The band 2.4-2.7 GHz was originally created and classified for ISM, 3G, UMTS and WiMAX systems. It has become a frequency band which is generally used by end users due to the fact that it’s inexpensive, easy to deploy and enhances frequency re-use. Quite a few measurements have been carried out in countries like France, Germany, India, Romania, UK and USA. This paper presents a study of an outdoor measurement on spectrum occupancy in both rural and urban areas in Kwara State, Nigeria, spanning across the frequency range of 2.4 GHz – 2.7 GHz. The results show that the band being investigated is immensely underutilized with upper and lower occupancy values of 22.56% and 0% in urban and rural environments. These results were compared to other measurements conducted globally in this band or closely aligned bands.

Index Terms—ISM band, spectrum occupancy, spectrum utilization, UMTS network.

A. A. Ayeni, N. Faruk, O. A. Sowande, S. O. Onidare, and M.Y. Mujahd are with the Department of Telecommunication Science, University of Ilorin, Nigeria (e-mail: aayeni@unilorin.edu.ng, faruk.n@unilorin.edu.ng, sowande.oa@unilorin.edu.ng, onidare.so@unilorin.edu.ng, mujahid.my@unilorin.edu.ng).
O.W. Bello is with the Department of Information and Communication Science, University of Ilorin, Nigeria (e-mail: laibello@unilorin.edu.ng).

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Cite: Adeseko A. Ayeni, Nasir Faruk, Olayiwola W. Bello, Olugbenga A. Sowande, Samuel O. Onidare, and Mujahid. Y. Muhammad, "Spectrum Occupancy Measurements and Analysis in the 2.4-2.7 GHz Band in Urban and Rural Environments," International Journal of Future Computer and Communication vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 142-147, 2016.

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